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Global Agreements

The list below represents a snapshot view of global agreements that reference future generations.

We endeavour to keep this information up to date and to use the best reference data that we are aware of. While every effort has been made to include relevant data, the list is by no means exhaustive.  If you find any information that you believe is incorrect or out of date, or if you believe that we have missed something important, then please contact us.  We do not necessarily endorse any specific examples mentioned here unless we have stated so elsewhere in our advocacy and literature.

[/vc_column_text][vc_toggle title="UN Charter, 1945" open="false"]Preamble

“We the peoples of the United Nations determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war…”

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, 1946" open="false"]

Preamble

“Recognizing the interest of the nations of the world in safeguarding for future generations the great natural resources represented by the whale stocks”

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and National Resources, 1968" open="false"]Article IV. Fundamental Obligation

“The Parties shall adopt and implement all measures necessary to achieve the objectives of this Convention, in particular through preventive measures and the application of the precautionary principle, and with due regard to ethical and traditional values as well as scientific knowledge in the interest of present and future generations”.

Annex 2: Conservation Areas

Wilderness Area: protected area managed mainly for wilderness protection

Objectives of management

to ensure that future generations have the opportunity to experience understanding and enjoyment of areas that have been largely undisturbed by human action over a long

period of time;

· to maintain the essential natural attributes and qualities of the environment over the long term;

· to provide for public access at levels and of a type which will serve best the physical and spiritual well- being of visitors and maintain the wilderness qualities of the area for present and future generations…

…National Park: protected area managed mainly for ecosystem protection and recreation

Definition

Natural area of land and/or sea, designated to (a) protect the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems for present and future generations”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="UNESCO World Heritage Convention, 1972" open="false"]

Article 4

“Each State Party to this Convention recognizes that the duty of ensuring the identification, protection, conservation, presentation and transmission to future generations of the cultural and natural heritage referred to in Articles 1 and 2 and situated on its territory, belongs primarily to that State. It will do all it can to this end, to the utmost of its own resources…”

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Stockholm Declaration on the Human Environment, 1972" open="false"]Clause 6, Part I

“To defend and improve the human environment for present and future generations has become an imperative goal for mankind – a goal to be pursued together with, and in harmony with, the established and fundamental goals of peace and of world-wide economic and social development”.

Principle 1

“Man… bears a solemn responsibility to protect and improve the environment for present and future generations.”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), 1975" open="false"]Preamble

“Recognizing that wild fauna and flora in their many beautiful and varied forms are an irreplaceable part of the natural systems of the earth which must be protected for this and the generations to come“[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Convention on the Prohibition of Military or any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques, 1976" open="false"]Preamble

“Realizing that the use of environmental modification techniques for peaceful purposes could improve the interrelationship of man and nature and contribute to the preservation and improvement of the environment for the benefit of present and future generations”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Convention on the Protection of Nature in the South Pacific, 1976" open="false"]Preamble

“Desirous of taking action for the conservation, utilization and development of these resources through careful planning and management for the benefit of present and future generations;”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Berne Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, 1979" open="false"]Preamble

“Recognising that wild flora and fauna constitute a natural heritage of aesthetic, scientific, cultural, recreational, economic and intrinsic value that needs to be preserved and handed on to future generations”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="UN General Assembly Resolution 37/7 on a World Charter for Nature, 1982" open="false"]Annex, Preamble

“Reaffirming that man must acquire the knowledge to maintain and enhance his ability to use natural resources in a manner which ensures the preservation of the species and ecosystems for the benefit of present and future generations”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Jeddah Regional Convention for the Conservation of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Environment, 1982" open="false"]Article 1

“Conservation” of the marine environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden: Rational use by man of living and non-living marine and coastal resources in a manner ensuring optimum benefit for the present generation while maintaining the potential of that environment to satisfy the needs and aspirations of future generations. Such a definition of the term “conservation” should be con-c strued as including conservation protection, maintenance, sustainable and renewable utilization, and enhancement of the environment.”

Preamble

“Aware of the importance of co-operation and coordination of action on a regional basis with the aim of protecting the marine environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden for the benefit of all concerned, including future generations.”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Abidjan Convention for Co-operation in the Protection and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the West and Central African Region. 1984" open="false"]Preamble

“Fully aware of their responsibility to preserve their natural heritage for the benefit and enjoyment of present and future generations,”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Council of Europe Convention for the Protection of the Architectural Heritage of Europe, 1985" open="false"]Preamble

“Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve a greater unity between its members for the purpose, inter alia, of safeguarding and realising the ideals and principles which are their common heritage; Recognising that the architectural heritage constitutes an irreplaceable expression of the richness and diversity of Europe’s cultural heritage, bears inestimable witness to our past and is a common heritage of all Europeans;…

…Recalling the importance of handing down to future generations a system of cultural references, improving the urban and rural environment and thereby fostering the economic, social and cultural development of States and regions”;

Article 15

“Each Party undertakes:

1. to develop public awareness of the value of conserving the architectural heritage, both as an element of cultural identity and as a source of inspiration and creativity for present and future generations;”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="ASEAN Agreement on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 1985" open="false"]Preamble

“RECOGNIZING the importance of natural resources for present and future generations”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region, 1985" open="false"]Preamble

“Conscious of their responsibility to preserve their natural heritage for the benefit and enjoyment of present and future generations,”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Convention for the Protection of Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region, 1986" open="false"]Preamble

“Conscious of their responsibility to preserve their natural heritage for the benefit and enjoyment of present and future generations;”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Paris Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic, 1992" open="false"]Preamble

“RECOGNISING that concerted action at national, regional and global levels is essential to prevent and eliminate marine pollution and to achieve sustainable management of the maritime area, that is, the management of human activities in such a manner that the marine ecosystem will continue to sustain the legitimate uses of the sea and will continue to meet the needs of present and future generations”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents, 1992" open="false"]Preamble

“The Parties to this Convention

Mindful of the special importance, in the interest of present and future generations, of protecting human beings and the environment against the effects of industrial accidents”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1992" open="false"]

Article 3.1 (principle)

“In their actions to achieve the objective of the Convention and to implement its provisions, the Parties shall be guided, inter alia, by the following:
1. The Parties should protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of humankind, on the basis of equity and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.”

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="UN Convention on Biological Diversity, 1992" open="false"]Preamble

“Determined to conserve and sustainably use biological diversity for the benefit of present and future generations.”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="UNECE Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary, Watercourses and International Lakes, 1992" open="false"]Article 2.5(c)

“In taking the measures referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article, the Parties shall be guided by the following principles: …

(c) water resources shall be managed so that the needs of the present generation are met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

Protocol on Water and Health to the 1992 Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (1999), article 5(d)

(d) Water resources shall be managed so that the needs of the present generation are met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs;

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, 1992" open="false"]Principle 3

“The right to development must be fulfilled so as to equitably meet developmental and environmental needs of present and future generations”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Non-Legally Binding Authoritative Statement Of Principles for a Global Consensus on the Management, Conservation and Sustainable Development of All Types of Forests, 1992" open="false"]Principle 2b

“Forest resources and forest lands should be sustainably managedto meet the social, economic, ecological, cultural and spiritual needs of present and future generations”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation, 1993" open="false"]Preamble

“CONVINCED of the importance of the conservation, protection and enhancement of the environment in their territories and the essential role of cooperation in these areas in achieving sustainable development for the wellbeing of present and future generations.”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, World Conference on Conference on Human Rights, 1993" open="false"]Paragraph 11

“The right to development should be fulfilled so as to meet equitably the developmental and environmental needs of present and future generations….”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Convention to Combat Desertification, 1994" open="false"]Preamble

“The Parties to this Convention..

…Determined to take appropriate action in combating desertification and mitigating the effects of drought for the benefit of present and future generations”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds, 1995" open="false"]Preamble

CONSIDERING that migratory waterbirds constitute an important part of the global biological diversity which, in keeping with the spirit of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 1992, and Agenda 21 should be conserved for the benefit of present and future generations;[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Waigani Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Hazardous and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South Pacific Region, 1995" open="false"]Preamble

“Conscious of their responsibility to protect, preserve and improve the environment of the South Pacific for the good health, benefit and enjoyment of present and future generations of the people of the South Pacific;”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Revised Barcelona Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean, 1995" open="false"]Article 4.2

“The Contracting Parties pledge themselves to take appropriate measure to implement the Mediterranean Action Plan and, further, to pursue the protectio of the marine environment development process, meeting the needs of present and future generations in an equitable manner….”

Preamble

“Fully aware of their responsibility to preserve this common heritage for the benefit and enjoyment of present and future generations,”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Beijing Platform for Action (4th World Conference on Women), 1995" open="false"]248

“Through their management and use of natural resources, women provide sustenance to their families and communities. As consumers and producers, caretakers of their families and educators, women play an important role in promoting sustainable development through their concern for the quality and sustainability of life for present and future generations. Governments have expressed their commitment to creating a new development paradigm that integrates environmental sustainability with gender equality and justice within and between generations as contained in chapter 24 of Agenda 21.”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Agreement on the conservation of cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area, 1996" open="false"]Preamble

Recognizing that cetaceans are an integral part of the marine ecosystem which must be conserved for the benefit of present and future generations, and that their conservation is a common concern;[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="1996 Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1996" open="false"]Preamble

“BEING CONVINCED that further international action to prevent, reduce and where practicable eliminate pollution of the sea caused by dumping can and must be taken without delay to protect and preserve the marine environment and to manage human activities in such a manner that the marine ecosystem will continue to sustain the legitimate uses of the sea and will continue to meet the needs of present and future generations,”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management, 1997" open="false"]Article 1

“The objectives of this Convention are:

… (ii) to ensure that during all stages of spent fuel and radioactive waste management there are effective defenses against potential hazards so that individuals, society and the environment are protected from harmful effects of ionizing radiation, now and in the future, in such a way that the needs and aspirations of the present generation are met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs and aspirations…”

Article 4: each Party:

“shall take the appropriate steps to ensure that at all stages of spent fuel management, individuals, society and the environment are adequately protected against radiological hazards. In so doing, each Contracting Party shall take appropriate steps to:… vi) strive to avoid actions that impose reasonably predictable impacts on future generations greater than those permitted for the current generation; vii) aim to avoid imposing undue burdens on future generations”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="UNESCO Declaration on the Responsibilities of the Present Generations Towards Future Generations, 1997" open="false"]

Relevant in its entirety, examples below.

Article 1
“The present generations have the responsibility of ensuring that the needs and interests of present and future generations are fully safeguarded”

Article 12

“States, the United Nations system, other intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, individuals, public and private bodies should assume their full responsibilities in promoting, in particular through education, training and information, respect for the ideals laid down in this Declaration, and encourage by all appropriate means their full recognition and effective application”

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Convention on the Law of the Non-navigational Uses of International Watercourses, 1997" open="false"]Preamble

“Expressing the conviction that a framework convention will ensure the utilization, development, conservation, management and protection of international watercourses and the promotion of the optimal and sustainable utilization thereof for present and future generations,”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="UNECE Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters, 1998" open="false"]Preamble

“Recognizing also that every person has the right to live in an environment adequate to his or her health and well-being, and the duty, both individually and in association with others, to protect and improve the environment for the benefit of present and future generations…”

Article 1 – Objective

“In order to contribute to the protection of the right of every person of present and future generations to live in an environment adequate to his or her health and well-being, each Party shall guarantee the rights of access to information, public participation in decision- making, and access to justice in environmental matters in accordance with the provisions of this Convention.”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, 2000" open="false"]Preamble

“Enjoyment of these rights entails responsibilities and duties with regard to other persons, to the human community and to future generations.”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, 2001" open="false"]Preamble

“Aware of the health concerns, especially in developing countries, resulting from local exposure to persistent organic pollutants, in particular impacts upon women and, through them, upon future generations.”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for food and agriculture, 2001" open="false"]Preamble

“Aware of their responsibility to past and future generations to conserve the World’s diversity of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture;”

“Acknowledging that the conservation, exploration, collection, characterization, evaluation and documentation of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture are essential in meeting the goals of the Rome Declaration on World Food Security and the World Food Summit Plan of Action and for sustainable agricultural development for this and future generations, and that the capacity of developing countries and countries with economies in transition to undertake such tasks needs urgently to be reinforced;”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Convention for Cooperation in the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Northeast Pacific, 2002" open="false"]Article 1

Purpose

“The principal purpose of the Convention is to establish a regional cooperation framework to encourage and facilitate the sustainable development of marine and coastal resources of the countries of the Northeast Pacific for the benefit of present and future generations of the region.”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, 2003" open="false"]Article 3 (Objective)

“The objective of this Convention and its protocols is to protect present and future

generations from the devastating health, social, environmental and economic consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke by providing a framework for tobacco control measures to be implemented by the Parties at the national, regional and international levels in order to reduce continually and substantially the prevalence of tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke”.

Annex 1: WHA 56.1

…“Determined to protect present and future generations from tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Black Sea Biodiversity and Landscape Conservation Protocol, 2003" open="false"]Article 1.2

“In conjunction with provisions of the Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea against Pollution and other Protocols to this Convention, the Protocol is intended to serve as a legal instrument for developing, harmonising and enforcing necessary environmental policies, strategies and measures in preserving, protecting and sustainably managing nature, historical, cultural and aesthetic resources and heritage of the Black Sea states for present and future generations.”[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment to Espoo Convention, 2003" open="false"]

Preamble

“Acknowledging the benefits to the health and well- being of present and future generations that will follow if the need to protect and improve people’s health is taken into account as an integral part of strategic environmental assessment, and recognizing the work led by the World Health Organization in this respect,”

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="UNESCO Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights, 2005" open="false"]Article 16: Protecting future generations

“The impact of life sciences on future generations, including on their genetic constitution, should be given due regard.”

 [/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Protocol to the Aarhus Convention on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers, 2009" open="false"]

Preamble

“Wishing to provide a mechanism contributing to the ability of every person of present and future generations to live in an environment adequate to his or her health and well-being, by ensuring the development of publicly accessible environmental information systems,”

[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title="Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels, 2012" open="false"]Preamble

“RECOGNISING that albatrosses and petrels are an integral part of marine ecosystems which must be conserved for the benefit of present and future generations, and that their conservation is a matter of common concern, particularly in the Southern Hemisphere;”[/vc_toggle][/vc_column][/vc_row]